The trade aspects of the global agreement were adopted by Decisions 2/2000 establishing a free trade area for goods and by the EU-Mexico Joint Council 2/2001 establishing a free trade area for services. On 3 April 2017, Mexico and the European Union held the third round of negotiations on the modernisation of their free trade agreement in Brussels, Belgium. On 8 May 2017, Mexico and the EU announced dates for the next three trade negotiations: 26-30 June, 25-29 September and 27 November-1 December 2017. The fourth round of negotiations began on 26 June 2017 in Mexico City. The fifth round of negotiations was composed of 21 negotiating groups and ended on 2 October 2017 in Brussels. The sixth round of negotiations on the modernisation of the free trade agreement ended on 5 December 2017 in Mexico City. The Interim Agreement, which was to enter into force until the entry into force of the Comprehensive Agreement, was approved by the Mexican Senate on 23 April 1998. The part of this agreement was approved by the European Parliament on 13 May 1998 and the parties exchanged instruments of ratification on 30 June 1998, which allowed the entry into force of the Interim Agreement on trade and trade-related matters on 1 July 1998. The eighth round of negotiations was held in Mexico City from 8 to 7 January 2018. The ninth round of negotiations began on 12 February 2018 in Mexico City. Mexico and the European Union concluded negotiations for a new global agreement on 21 April 2018. The new agreement covers political, economic and cooperation aspects in order to strengthen political dialogue, boost trade and investment and strengthen technical and scientific cooperation between the two sides.

But the general incentives deScribed by De Bièvre are generally insufficient to encourage exporters, trade sectors and authorities on both sides to invest in laborious one-year trade negotiations. Additional political incentives must give this general idea a final boost. The current update of the EU-Mexico Agreement has been prompted to deepen and consolidate engagement. Nevertheless, parties that manage to reach an agreement should be allowed to feel at least one moment of pride at the peak of their efforts. . . .

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