Two peace agreements have been signed to date: an agreement between the Afghan government of President Ashraf Ghani and the militant group Hezb-i Islami Gulbuddin on 22 September 2016 and a conditional agreement between the United States and the Taliban, February 29, 2020 calling for the withdrawal of U.S. troops within 14 months if the Taliban comply with the terms of the agreement.   Since September 2020, talks have been under way in Doha between representatives of the Afghan state and the Taliban. “We owe gratitude to the sons and daughters of America who paid the ultimate sacrifice in Afghanistan and to the thousands of people who have served over the past 19 years,” said General Mark A. Milley, president of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, in a statement celebrating the agreement that is on the spot of a seven-day agreement on “reducing violence” in Afghanistan. Under the agreement, the remaining forces will withdraw “within nine and a half months.” “The agreement expressly invites the Taliban to engage with other Afghans in intra-Afghan negotiations, where they will discuss the modalities and timing of a comprehensive and lasting ceasefire,” said a foreign ministry official. “There`s a lot of mistrust, decades of fighting, so it`s not going to be easy.” Many critics have pointed out that conditionality does not go far enough. The written agreement does not require the Taliban to effectively accept a political solution with the Afghan government or implement a ceasefire with the Afghan army before the withdrawal of U.S. forces. The lack of conditionality appears to lie in verbal statements addressed to the Taliban by Ambassador Zalmay Khalilzad, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and other U.S. leaders. It seems too long to write this conditionality in the text itself. What are the conditions that have been communicated orally and do not appear in writing? On the one hand, the United States expects the Taliban to negotiate with the Afghan government and not just “other Afghan parties” in intra-Afghan negotiations.
In addition, the United States wants to see progress toward a political solution after the start of intra-Afghan negotiations.