ASEAN national authorities are also traditionally reluctant to share or cede sovereignty to the authorities of other ASEAN members (although ASEAN trade ministries regularly conduct cross-border visits to conduct on-site checks as part of anti-dumping investigations). Unlike the EU or NAFTA, joint teams to ensure compliance and control of violations have not been widely used. Instead, ASEAN national authorities must rely on the verification and analysis of other ASEAN national authorities to determine whether AFTA`s measures, such as the rule of origin, are being complied with. Differences of opinion may arise between national authorities. Again, the ASEAN secretariat can help resolve a dispute, but it has no right to resolve it. The review and improvement of the CEPT system was one of the most important measures identified under the 2015 AEC for the creation of a free flow of goods in the region. The CEPT system was then replaced by the new agreement, namely as an ASEAN Trade Agreement (ATIGA) in 2010. Trade liberalization in the region, through the elimination of regional tariffs and non-tariff barriers, has helped to make ASEAN`s manufacturing sectors more efficient and competitive in the global market. As a result, consumers are able to source from more efficient ASEAN producers, creating robust intra-ASEAN trade. The manufacturing trend is therefore to continue to develop products for this huge consumer market, but to place the production capacity needed for this purpose on a cheaper site. The ASEAN Free Trade Agreement with China allows regional companies and MNN in Asia to do so.

This is a trend that is already underway – as we are seeing with Foxconn, the manufacturer of many components that end up in Apple products, who want to relocate their 1.3 million workers from China and Indonesia, where wages are lower and where there is a large and available workforce. This is a solid strategy that is increasingly being adopted by many manufacturers. The ASEAN Free Trade Area (AFTA) [1] is a trade agreement of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations that supports local trade and local production in all ASEAN countries and facilitates economic integration with regional and international allies. [2] [3] [4] It is one of the largest and most important free trade zones in the world and, with its network of dialogue partners, has promoted some of the world`s largest multilateral forums and blocs, including Asia-Pacific economic cooperation, the East Asia Summit and regional economic partnership. [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] The NTR contains trade and customs laws and procedures of all AMS and trade-related information such as: The ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) was first discussed at the Bali Summit in October 2003, where ASEAN leaders said the AEC would be the goal of regional economic integration by 2020.

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